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Welfare & Institutions Code 15610.30 (effective through 12/31/2008)

(a) "Financial abuse" of an elder or dependent adult occurs when a person or entity does any of the following:

    (1) Takes, secretes, appropriates, or retains real or personal property of an elder or dependent adult to a wrongful use or with intent to defraud, or both. 

    (2) Assists in taking, secreting, appropriating, or retaining real or personal property of an elder or dependent adult to a wrongful use or with intent to defraud, or both.

(b) A person or entity shall be deemed to have taken, secreted, appropriated, or retained property for a wrongful use if, among other things, the person or entity takes, secretes, appropriates or retains possession of property in bad faith.

    (1) A person or entity shall be deemed to have acted in bad faith if the person or entity knew or should have known that the elder or dependent adult had the right to have the property transferred or made readily available to the elder or dependent adult or to his or her representative.

    (2) For purposes of this section, a person or entity should have known of a right specified in paragraph (1) if, on the basis of the information received by the person or entity or the person or entity's authorized third party, or both, it is obvious to a reasonable person that the elder or dependent adult has a right specified in paragraph (1).

(c) For purposes of this section, " representative" means a person or entity that is either of the following:

    (1) A conservator, trustee, or other representative of the estate of an elder or dependent adult.

    (2) An attorney-in-fact of an elder or dependent adult who acts within the authority of the power of attorney.